Before you start
There are a few things you should do before starting step 1:
- Park your vehicle on a level surface, and set the parking brake.
- Use eye and hand protection when you handle brake fluid, as it is toxic.
- Roll up or remove loose clothing, and keep your arms away from the cooling fan(s)—fans can turn on automatically, even when the engine is off.
- Consult your owner’s manual for the specific type of brake fluid recommended for your vehicle. Only use fluid from a clean, unopened container. Never substitute another fluid for brake fluid.
- Never let the master cylinder run dry; this could cause brake failure.
With the engine off, raise the hood and find the brake master cylinder. It is usually in the back of the engine bay, on the driver’s side.
Cover the fender before opening the brake master cylinder and use caution when opening a container of brake fluid, as it can damage your vehicle's paint.
Use a cloth or towel to clean the master cylinder’s reservoir and cap to prevent dirt or water from entering while you service it. Clean the fluid lines too, if they need it.
Look at the fluid level on the side of the master cylinder’s reservoir. If your brake fluid is at or above the “MIN” line, your brake fluid level is fine and you don’t need to add any.
If your fluid is below the “MIN” line, carefully pry the reservoir cap off, and then add brake fluid until the level is just under the “MAX” line. Do not overfill.
Using a completely clean towel or a lint-free cloth, clean the inside of the reservoir cap: It may have brake fluid, dirt/debris, or both on it, and needs to be clean before you put it back on.
Carefully set the reservoir cap on the reservoir, and press down on all four corners until it clicks into place.
Visit your local Ford Dealership to have your brakes inspected as soon as possible—especially if your fluid level continues to go down, or if your fluid is dark. You may need your brake system serviced.
There are three main types of brake fluid: DOT 3, DOT 4, and DOT 5.
DOT 3 and 4 are glycol-based brake fluids, and the main difference between them is the boiling point: DOT 4 boils at a higher temperature, which can be beneficial if your brakes see very heavy use, or if you participate in motorsports. Of course, you should check your owner’s manual first to make sure DOT 4 can be used in your vehicle.
DOT 5 fluid is silicone-based: It doesn’t absorb moisture like DOT 3 and 4 fluids do, and it has a higher boiling point. However, DOT 5 fluid should never be added to vehicles that specify DOT 3 or 4 fluid, as brake system damage can occur.